Ashkan Aazami DC
6521 Annapolis Road, Landover Hills, MD, 20784
Phone: 301-322-7777
Cell: 301-343-0461
Fax: 301-322-5151
aazamiash1@gmail.com
https://totalhealthfamilyclinic.com

SELECTED OCCUPATIONAL HISTORY

Owner/Staff Chiropractor, Total Health Family Clinic, Landover Hills, Maryland, 1995 - Present

Owner/Staff Chiropractor, Yousefi Chiropractic, Silver Spring, Maryland, 1994 - 1995

Staff Chiropractor, Delta Chiropractic Clinic, Los Angeles, California, 1991 - 1994

Staff Chiropractor, Ramchandaran Srinivasan, Los Angeles, California, 1991

EDUCATION AND LICENSURE

Doctor of Chiropractic, Licensed in the State of Maryland, License # S01710, 1994 – Present

Doctor of Chiropractic, Licensed in the State of California, License # 21209, 1991 – 2015

Doctorate of Chiropractic, Cleveland Chiropractic College, Los Angeles, California, 1991

Internship, Cleveland Chiropractic College, Los Angeles, California, 1990 - 1991

National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Part IV, 1990

National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Part IIII, 1990

National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Part II, 1989

National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, Part I, 1989

Undergraduate Studies in Biology, California State University, Los Angeles, CA, 1987

Undergraduate Studies in Biology, Los Angeles Valley College, Los Angeles, CA, 1987

Undergraduate Studies in Chemistry, Physics, West coast University, Los Angeles, CA, 1986 - 1987

Undergraduate Studies in Limited License X-Ray Technician, Modern Technology School of X-Ray, Fountain Valley, CA, 1985

Undergraduate Studies in Biology, Glendale Community College, Glendale, CA, 1983 - 1986

CERTIFICATIONS, QUALIFICATION, AND DIPLOMATES

Fellowship Candidate, Primary Spine Care, Academy of Chiropractic, 2022 - Present

MRI Interpretation Review Qualified – Cleveland University, Kansas City, 2023 – Present

Trauma Qualified – Cleveland University, Kansas City, 2023

 

Primary Spine Care Qualified, This qualification includes graduate chiropractic education in healthy and traumatically altered spinal morphology inclusive of osseous, connective tissue and neurological structure, function and pathology. This certifies you are qualified in assessing predictive models in spinal biomechanics and devising engineering paradigms for treatment plans to maximize spinal homeostasis in an evidenced based conclusion. In addition, this qualification acknowledges your expertise in triaging the injured and coordinating collaborative care from the trauma through conclusion of rehabilitation, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island NY, 2023 – Present

 

SELECTED POST-GRADUATE EDUCATION

Triage and Compliance, Documentation and Diagnosing, Creating care paths using clinical examination and advanced diagnostics to formulate care paths including collaborative care. Documenting and diagnosing spinal biomechanical lesions, disc pathology from MRI including, but limited to herniations, bulges, extrusions, sequestrations and non-disc spinal lesions from varices and neoplastic space occupying lesions. Cleveland university Kansas City, College of Chiropractic and the Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Interprofessional Hospital Based Spine Care, Trends in hospital and emergent care in the healthcare delivery system inclusive of policies, hospital staffing and current care paths for mechanical spine issues. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Forensic Documentation-Report Writing, Report writing in a medical-legal case inclusive of causality, bodily injury, persistent functional loss and restrictive sequela from trauma. Demonstratively documenting bodily injury utilizing models, graphs and patient image of x-ray and advanced imaging. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Forensic Documentation- Demonstrative Documentation, Demonstratively reporting spinal biomechanical failure and spinal compensation. How in a medical-legal environment to ethically report pre-existing injuries vs causally related current injuries and what is permissible in a legal proceeding. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Forensic Documentation- Reporting Direct Opinions, Causality, bodily injury and persistent functional losses documented and reported in a medical-legal environment as your direct opinion. Avoiding hearsay issues to ensure ethical relationships. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Forensic Documentation- Initial, Final and Collaborative Reporting, Preparing demonstrative documentation in a medical-legal case ensuring that you are familiar with all other treating doctor’s reports. Correlating your initial and evaluation and management (E&M) report and your follow-up E&M reports with the narrative upon maximum medical improvement documenting continuum of care.  Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Forensic Documentation- Qualifications and Preparation of Documentation, How to prepare your documentation for courtroom testimony and ensuring your qualifications are documented properly on an admissible, professional curriculum vitae. How to include indexed peer-reviewed literature in medical-legal documentation. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Forensic Documentation- Reporting Patient History and Credentials, Preparing patient history in a medical-legal case based upon your initial intake forms and understanding the work, social, academic, household and social activities of your patient. Understanding and explaining your doctoral and post-doctoral credentials in the courtroom.  Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Forensic Documentation- Reporting Chiropractic Care and Injured Anatomy, Preparing demonstrative documentation in a medical-legal case to report the bodily injuries of your patients, inclusive of loss of function and permanent tissue pathology.  Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Forensic Documentation- Reporting Temporary vs. Permanent Issues, Preparing documentation in a medical-legal case ensuring that you can communicate permanent vs. temporary functional losses and permanent vs. temporary tissue pathology. How to maintain and explain ethical relationships in medical-legal cases, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Forensic Documentation- Reporting Bodily Injury, How to report bodily injury and functional losses as supported by your credentials in a medical-legal case. Clinically correlating causality and permanent tissue pathology as sequela to trauma, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Forensic Documentation- Record Review and Documentation Reporting, How to report records of collaborative treating doctors and communicating your scope of practice in the management of your case. How to ethically report your role as a doctor in medical-legal cases, Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Legal Testimony, Report writing for legal cases, the 4 corners of a narrative and documenting damages with understanding defense medical documentation and consistent reporting of bodily injuries. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Legal Testimony, Part 2, Understanding report writing and the types of medical reports required for court inclusive of diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plans with requirements of reporting causality and permanency. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony, Organizing your documentation and understanding all collaborative documentation and how it fits into your diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan, Understanding the nuances of the functional losses of your patients related to their bodily injuries, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony Part 2, Utilizing demonstrative documentation in direct examination and communicating the results of your care concurrently with the written documentation and reporting an accurate diagnosis for all images. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony Part 3, The evaluation, interpretation and reporting of collaborative medical specialists’ results and concluding an accurate diagnosis inclusive of all findings and reviewing all images to ensure an accurate diagnosis. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Direct Testimony Part 4, Determining and documenting disabilities and impairments inclusive of loss of enjoyment of life and duties under duress and the evaluation and validation of pain and suffering. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Documentation and Cross Examination Testimony, Reporting your documentation factually and staying within the 4 corners of your medical report and scope of practice inclusive of understanding how your credentials allow you to report your documentation. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, A Documentation Relationship Between the Doctor and Lawyer, The level of organization required in a medical-legal case that accurately reflects the bodily injuries of your patients and the time constraints in rendering an accurate report. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Report Writing and Preparing for a Legal Case, Reviewing the facts of the case inclusive of your documentation, the defense medical examiner, medical specialists, and the attorney to ensure accurate and consistent reporting. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Medical-Legal Ethical Relationships, Report Writing and Preparing for a Legal Case, Creating demonstrative evidence, visuals of your patient's bodily injuries inclusive of x-rays, MRI's, CAT Scans and electrodiagnostic findings, the spinal biomechanics of herniated disc with ipsilateral findings and contralateral symptomatology. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Primary Spine Care 14: Case Management and Documentation - Spinal Biomechanics in Clinical Practice, The utilization of X-Ray digitization to diagnose spinal biomechanical pathology and analyzing trends in healthcare when triaging mechanical spine pain. The role of credentials in interprofessional collaboration. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Primary Spine Care 14: Case Management and Documentation - MRI Spine Sequence Acquisition and Interpretation, The understanding and utilization of T1, T2, STIR, Proton Density, FSE, GRE imagine sequencing for conclusive diagnosing of fracture, tumor, infection, and disc pathology. Identifying herniation, protrusion, bulge, extrusion-migrated, and extrusion-fragments on MRI images. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Primary Spine Care 14: Case Management and Documentation - Spinal Disc Microanatomy, The understanding of the human spinal discal elements; annulus, nucleus pulposis, cartilaginous end plates inclusive of the neurology, visualization, differentiation from the neonate to adults. The understanding of the etiology of Modic changes on MRI and how spinal biomechanics are altered. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Primary Spine Care 14: Case Management and Documentation - Interprofessional Collaboration on Mechanical Back Pain in Clinical Practice, Triaging neurologically compromised cases in conjunction with positive MRI images, and collaboratively managing cases with neurosurgeons in clinical practice. Post-operative management of spinal cases through full recovery. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Primary Spine Care 14: Case Management and Documentation - Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Analytic, The analytics of spinal biomechanical engineering utilizing X-Ray digitizing for Alteration of Motion Segment Integrity and biomechanical pathology. Determining laxity of ligaments in connective tissue pathology and the long-term negative sequels of the pathology. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Primary Spine Care 14: Case Management and Documentation - Demonstrative Reporting of MRI Spinal Disc Pathology, The diagnosis, and reporting of spinal disc bulges, herniations, protrusions, extrusions, and fragments. Reporting varices, Modic 1, 2, and 3, posterior longitudinal, interspinous, and intertransverse ligament. Reporting the ligamentum Flavum and epidural fat as a space-occupying lesion. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Shoulder, Identifying normal anatomy on both MRI and x-ray, inclusive of osseous, connective tissue, and neurological structures. Identifying fractures in adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic etiologies of osseous derangement. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Shoulder, Identifying fractures in adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic changes vs. benign and metastatic Tumors. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Elbow, Identifying normal anatomy on both MRI and x-ray, inclusive of osseous, connective tissue, and neurological structures, identifying fractures in the adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic etiologies of osseous derangement. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic changes vs. benign and metastatic Tumors. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Wrist, Identifying normal anatomy on both MRI and x-ray, inclusive of osseous, connective tissue, and neurological structures, identifying fractures in the adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic etiologies of osseous derangement. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic changes vs. benign and metastatic Tumors. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Hand, Identifying normal anatomy on both MRI and x-ray, inclusive of osseous, connective tissue, and neurological structures, identifying fractures in the adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic etiologies of osseous derangement. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic changes vs. benign and metastatic Tumors. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Hip, Identifying normal anatomy on both MRI and x-ray, inclusive of osseous, connective tissue, and neurological structures. Identifying fractures in adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic etiologies of osseous derangement. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Hip, Identifying fractures in the adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic changes vs. benign and metastatic Tumors. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Knee, Identifying normal anatomy on both MRI and x-ray, inclusive of osseous, connective tissue, and neurological structures. Identifying fractures in adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic etiologies of osseous derangement. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Knee, Identifying fractures in the adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic changes vs. benign and metastatic Tumors. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Hand, Identifying normal anatomy on both MRI and x-ray, inclusive of osseous, connective tissue, and neurological structures, identifying fractures in the adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic etiologies of osseous derangement. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic changes vs. benign and metastatic Tumors. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Extremity MRI & Xray Interpretation of the Foot, Identifying normal anatomy on both MRI and x-ray, inclusive of osseous, connective tissue, and neurological structures, identifying fractures in the adult and pediatric cases. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic etiologies of osseous derangement. Differentially diagnosing various arthritic changes vs. benign and metastatic Tumors. Cleveland University Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2023

Case Management, Spinal MRI and Documentation Documenting Herniated Discs, Age-Dating Disc Pathology, and Connective Tissue Pathology as Sequella to Trauma, Herniated Discs and Connective Tissue Pathology, differentially diagnosing herniated discs vs. normal and bulging discs and protruded, extruded and fragmented discs. Normal vs. Pathological connective tissues and age-dating herniated discs. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, Y2023

Case Management, Spinal MRI and Documentation, Case Management of Traumatic Spinal Injuries, Understanding flexion-extension cervical injuries and diagnosing connective tissue pathology. Determining impairments and the literature-based standard for permanent injuries. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Case Management, Spinal MRI and Documentation, Managing Herniated and Bulging Discs, Serious Injury in Non-Herniated Cases from Trauma, Spinal disc morphology, and innervation. Herniated, bulged, protruded, and sequestered disc characteristics and management. Literature-based documentation requirements for no-dis spinal injuries. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Case Management, Spinal MRI and Documentation, Herniated Discs and Permanent Brain Malfunction & Biomechanical Failure, A case-study of a post-traumatic herniated disc and related brain malfunction supported by contemporary literature, MRI acquisition, and necessity protocols. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Case Management, Spinal MRI and Documentation, Demonstrative Documentation of Disc Herniation and MRI Physics, Understanding the documentation requirements to demonstratively show spinal disc lesions in reporting pathology. Understanding the physics of a nucleus resonating in T1 and T2 weighted imagery. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Case Management, Spinal MRI and Documentation, Post-Traumatic Herniated Discs, Related Migraines-Headaches & Strain/Sprain Permanence, Relationship of headaches, and migraines to cervical spine disc herniation, clinical rationale for ordering MRI’s and the relationship of ligamentous pathology to spinal trauma. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Case Management, Spinal MRI and Documentation, Documentation of Low-Speed Crashes in Determining Etiology of Serious Bodily Injuries, Documentation requirements during the evaluation, and management encounter to understand the etiology of spinal injuries. Having a complete understanding of the forces involved to conclude a differential diagnosis, while concurrent ruling malingerers, if applicable. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

MRI Spinal Anatomy, Protocols and Disc Pathology, Normal anatomy of axial and sagittal views utilizing T1, T2, gradient and STIR sequences of imaging. Degeneration and annular fissures of discs in both trauma and non-trauma patients and the biochemical properties of joints in age dating pathology. Disc bulges from degenerative and sequela to osseous issues, herniation pathology and protrusion, extrusion, migrated and sequestered variations. Clinical scenarios as sequela to disc and pre-existing pathologies. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2023

MRI Spine Interpretation, Herniated, bulged, extruded, protruded, sequestered and degenerative discs. The morphology of a pathological disc vs. normal morphology and the sequences required including T1, T2 and STIR for all spinal regions. Modic 1-2-3 changes detailed and the traumatic relationship. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2023

MRI Spine Clinical Grand Rounds, Interpretation sequencing of STIR, T1, T2, Axial and Sagittal acquisitions. Landmarks, physics, and literature-based definitions of disc and osseous pathology, Visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting cervical and lumbar anatomy vs. pathology. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Accreditation Council for Continued Medical Education in conjunction with The State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Clinical Grand Rounds, Visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting lumbar spine sequencing, disc herniations, neural canals, cauda equina, conus medullaris, nerve sleeves, canal stenosis grading, and vertebral width vs. height in determining segmental remodeling. Diagnosing thecal sac abutment, central canal root compression and ligamentum flava involvement. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Accreditation Council for Continued Medical Education in conjunction with The State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Clinical Grand Rounds, Case study visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting cervical spine sequencing, disc herniations, neural canals, cauda equina, conus medullaris, and vertebral width vs. height in determining segmental remodeling. Identifying the Pons, Occipital junction, and spinal cord to identify Chiari 1 malformations. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Accreditation Council for Continued Medical Education in conjunction with The State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Clinical Grand Rounds, Visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting lumbar spine sequencing, disc extrusion type herniations, neural canals, cauda equina, conus medullaris, spondylolisthesis, degenerative spondylolisthesis, disc degeneration, neural canal and central root compressions, central canal stenosis. Varices vs. herniations, and multiple level disc pathology with biomechanical failures. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Accreditation Council for Continued Medical Education in conjunction with The State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Clinical Grand Rounds, Visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting cervical spine sequencing, disc extrusion type herniations, neural canals, disc degeneration, thecal sac compression, central canal stenosis, cord displacement, reversal of cervical curve, Chiari 1 malformation. Identifying spinal biomechanical failure in MRI sequencing, with visualizing ligamentous pathology as cause for failure. Differentially diagnosing recent vs. older trauma based upon edematous signal in T1, T2, and STIR images. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Accreditation Council for Continued Medical Education in conjunction with The State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Clinical Grand Rounds, Visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting cervical spine sequencing, multiple disc extrusion type herniations, vertebral remodeling, intradural tumor displacing the spinal cord visualized in T1, T2, and STIR sequences, neural canal stenosis, disc degeneration, thecal sac compression, central canal stenosis, cord displacement, reversal of cervical curve, Chiari 1 malformation, and identifying of inferior brain structures. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Accreditation Council for Continued Medical Education in conjunction with The State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Clinical Grand Rounds, Visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting 1) improper sequence acquisitions invalidating interpretation 2) incomplete study invalidating interpretation 3) visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting lumbar spine sequencing, multiple disc extrusion type herniations, vertebral remodeling, multiple thecal sac compressions, neural canal stenosis, disc osteophyte/ridging complex, central canal stenosis, spondylolisthesis. Identifying the spleen, liver, kidneys, inferior vena cava, and psoas musculature on imaging. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Accreditation Council for Continued Medical Education in conjunction with The State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Clinical Grand Rounds, Visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting cervical spine sequencing, cervical spondylosis, pathological spinal biomechanics, reversal of lordotic curve, and vertebral width vs. height in determining segmental remodeling, central herniation, thecal sac compression of the cord, identifying tongue, epiglottis, hyoid cartilage, pharynx, thyroid. Reviewing fat saturation sequences for osseous metastatic tumors and advanced degeneration. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Accreditation Council for Continued Medical Education in conjunction with The State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Clinical Grand Rounds, Visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting lumbar spine sequencing, degenerative disc disease, nerve root sleeve abutment, far lateral herniations vs. bulges, normal vs. dissected inferior vena cava aneurism, epidural fat as a space occupying lesion, facet arthropathy and edema, hypertrophy of ligamentum flava, and pseudo disc at the S1-S2 level. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Accreditation Council for Continued Medical Education in conjunction with The State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Clinical Grand Rounds, Visualizing, diagnosing, and documenting cervical spine sequencing utilizing T1 weighted images for pathology, inclusive of advanced degeneration and tumor detection. STIR in a fat saturated image for ligamentous pathology inclusive of the posterior longitudinal, ligamentous flava and interspinal ligaments. Normal clivus and odontoid for cerebellar tonsil location. Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) flow and the utilization of the spinal cord’s central canal for CSF transport. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Accreditation Council for Continued Medical Education in conjunction with The State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

Reimbursement Guidelines and Documentation, Advanced documentation based on clinical and testing findings that correlate to Evaluation and Management Guidelines. Evidence-Based necessity parameters for considering spinal imaging and electrodiagnostic testing. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2023

Chiropractic as the First Option for Spine, A Literature-Based Standard, Utilizing clinical findings in conjunction with advanced imaging and electrodiagnostic findings in managing collaborative relationships with medical specialists. Applying a literature standard to care to ensure conservative care is the first option. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Chiropractic as the First Option for Spine, A Literature-Based Standard, Managing spinal related cases based upon MRI findings of herniations, bulges, protrusion, extrusions (comminuted and fragmented) utilizing thin-sliced acquisition protocols. When to consider ordering T1, T2, Short Tau Inversion Radiant, proton density and Dixon sequencing for spinal related pathology. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Chiropractic as the First Option for Spine, A Literature-Based Standard, Creating literature-based documentation inclusive of history and a clinical examination that encompasses causality, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plans. Ensuring the whole person impairment ratings are consistent with contemporary literature. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Chiropractic as the First Option for Spine, A Literature-Based Standard, Spinal biomechanical engineering models related to pathobiomechanics and literature-based standards in creating an accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plan. Determining impairment ratings based upon alteration of motion segment integrity utilizing motion-imaging and creating demonstrable evidence for continued treatment plans. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Trends in Spinal Healthcare, Analyzing spinal healthcare trends in both utilization and necessity and understanding the marketplace and how a level of clinical excellence is reflected in a doctors' documentation and credentials. Treatment pathways in triaging spinal pathobiomechanics. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Interpretation, An evidence-based understanding of time-related etiology of disc pathology considering the American Society of Neuroradiology's designation of protrusion, extrusion, and sequestration of spinal discs, Considering the signal intensity of discs in age-dating pathology and acquisition protocols for advanced spinal imaging. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Spinal Biomechanics; A Literature Perspective, An evidenced-based model for spinal biomechanical engineering and pathobiomechanics considering the pathophysiological limits in translations, angular deviation, and rotational planes. Utilizing the Cartesian system in plotting vertebral points to demonstratively conclude an accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and biomechanical treatment plan with the consideration of long-term care in the non-specific mechanical spine pain patient when necessary. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Case Management of Mechanical Spine Pathology, Clinical Grand Rounds of herniated, protruded, extruded, sequestered, and bulging discs. Differentially diagnosing vascular vs. mechanical spinal lesions and the necessity for urgent vascular, neurological intervention, Collaborating in a team environment utilizing a neuroradiologist, electrophysiologist, and neurosurgeon with the chiropractor as the primary spine care provider. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Documentation and Coding, CPT Coding Guidelines for Initial and Established Patients with particular attention paid to Patient History, Review of Systems, Social and Family History, Physical Examination, and Medical Decision making.  Specific differences in coding levels and required elements for a 99202-99203-99204-99205, and a 99212-99213-99214-99215. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, PACE Approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University- Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

Demonstrative Documentation and Ethical Relationships, Pathways to improve coordination of care, and interprofessional communication with collaborating physicians.  Maintaining ethical relationships in the medical-legal community through documentation and communication of demonstrable diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plans. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, PACE Approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University- Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

MRI Spine Interpretation, Clinical case review of MRI’s including sagittal, axial, T1, T2, STIR, and proton density sequences. Identified will be the vertebrate, spinal cord, discs, nerve roots, thecal sac, posterior longitudinal ligament, epidural veins, and fat saturation pulses. Pathology will include bulges, herniations, protrusions, extrusions, myelomalacia, cord edema, and Schmorl’s nodes. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, PACE Approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University- Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Clinical Grand Rounds, Case reviews utilizing E/M, MRI, and x-ray mensuration report to conclude an accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plan. Common diagnosis requires interprofessional collaboration with a discussion of diagnostic dilemmas and proper communication methods. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, PACE Approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Cleveland University- Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2023

Spinal Biomechanics and Anatomical Pathology Grand Rounds. The diagnosis of acute spinal ligament injury and the resulting segmental hypermobility was discussed and reviewed. The chronic sequela of untreated biomechanical pathology was also reviewed. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Impairment Rating, The understanding and utilization of the protocols and parameters of the AMA Guide to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment 6th Edition. Spine, neurological sequelae, migraine, sexual dysfunction, sleep and arousal disorders, station and gait disorders and consciousness are detailed for impairment rating. Herniated discs, radiculopathy, fracture, dislocation and functional loss are also detailed in relation to impairment ratings. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

 

Traumatic Brain Injury and Concussion Overview:  This section is an in-depth overview of traumatic brain injury in concussion. It discusses that all brain injuries are traumatic and dispels the myth of a “mild traumatic brain injury.” Also, this covers triage protocols and the potential sequela of patients with traumatic brain injuries. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Head Trauma and Traumatic Brain Injury Part 1: This section discusses gross traumatic brain injuries from trauma and significant bleeding with both epidural and subdural hematomas. There are numerous case studies reviewed inclusive of neurosurgical intervention and postsurgical outcomes. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Head Trauma and Traumatic Brain Injury Part 2: This section continues with multiple case studies of gross traumatic brain injuries from trauma requiring neurosurgical intervention and also discusses recovery sequela based upon the significance of brain trauma. This module also concludes with concussion protocols in traumatic brain injury short of demonstrable bleeding on advanced imaging. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Concussion And Electroencephalogram Testing: This section covers concussion etiology and cognitive sequela where gross bleeding has not been identified on advanced imaging. It discusses the significance of electroencephalogram testing in determining brain function and pathology (if present). This module also covers the understanding of waveforms in electroencephalogram testing in both normal and abnormal scenarios. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Concussion And Electroencephalogram Testing Pathological Results: This module covers amplitude, conduction, and conduction delays as sequela to traumatic brain injury to diagnose concussion and traumatic brain injury in the absence of gross bleeding and advanced imaging. This section covers electroencephalograms and event-related potentials which measures the brain response that is a direct result of specific sensory or motor events. It is a stereotype electrophysiological response to a stimulus and provides a noninvasive means of evaluating brain function. In this module multiple case studies are discussed with ensuing triage protocols pending the results. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2023

Pathobiomechanics and Documentation, CPT Coding Guidelines for Initial and Established Patients with particular attention paid to Patient History, Review of Systems, Social and Family History, Physical Examination, and Medical Decision making.  Specific differences in coding levels and required elements for a 99202-99203-99204-99205. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2022

Using Documentation and Ethical Relationships, Pathways to improve coordination of care, and interprofessional communication with collaborating physicians.  Maintaining ethical relationships in the medical-legal community through documentation and communication of demonstrable diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plans. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2022

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Clinical Application, History of clinical biomechanics with an emphasis on the diagnosis and management of spine pain of mechanical/functional origin.  Evidence-based symptomatic vs. asymptomatic parameters using peer-reviewed medical index literature. Computerized mensuration analysis of spinal biomechanical pathology. Comparison of demonstrable spinal biomechanical failure on imaging to clinical evaluation and physical examination. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2022

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Clinical Grand Rounds, Case reviews utilizing E/M, MRI, and x-ray mensuration report to conclude an accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plan. Common diagnosis requiring interprofessional collaboration with a discussion of diagnostic dilemmas and proper communication methods. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University - Kansas City, Long Island, NY, 2022

Orthopedic Testing: Principles, Clinical Application and Triage, Integration of orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Orthopedic Testing: Cervical Spine, Integration of cervical orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Orthopedic Testing: Cervical Spine, Integration of cervical orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Orthopedic Testing: Lumbar Spine, Integration of lumbar orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis. Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequelae. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Orthopedic Testing: Clinical Grand Rounds, how to integrate orthopedic testing in the clinical setting utilizing both simple and complex patient scenarios. It includes potential stroke, or vertebrobasilar insufficient patients and understanding the nuances in a clinical evaluation with orthopedic testing as a critical part of the evaluation and screening process. How to integrate orthopedic testing in the clinical setting utilizing both simple and complex patient scenarios. It includes potential stroke, or vertebrobasilar insufficient patients and understanding the nuances in a clinical evaluation with orthopedic testing as a critical part of the evaluation and screening process. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Anatomy and Physiology of Electrodiagnostics:  An in-depth review of basic neuroanatomy and physiology dermatomes and myotomes to both the upper and lower extremities and the neurophysiology of axons and dendrites along with the myelin and function of saltatory for conduction. The sodium and potassium pump’s function in action potentials. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2022

Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Part 1: Nerve conduction velocity testing, the equipment required and the specifics of motor and sensory testing. This section covers the motor and sensory NCV procedures and interpretation including latency, amplitude (CMAP) physiology and interpretation including the understanding of the various nuances of the wave forms. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2022

Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Part 2: Compound motor action potentials (CMAP) and sensory nerve action potentials (SNAP) testing and interpretation including the analysis and diagnosis of the wave forms. It also covers compressive neuropathies of the median, ulnar and posterior tibial nerves; known as carpal tunnel, cubital tunnel and tarsal tunnel syndromes. This section offers interpretation algorithms to help understand the neurodiagnostic conclusions. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2022

Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Needle Electromyogram (EMG) Studies: The EMG process, inclusive of how the test is performed and the steps required in planning and electromyographic study. This covers the spontaneous activity of a motor unit action potential, positive sharp waves and fibrillations. The insertional activity (both normal and abnormal), recruitment activity in a broad polyphasic presentation and satellite potentials. This covers the diagnosing of patterns of motor unit abnormalities including neuropathic demyelinated neuropathies along with acute myopathic neuropathies. This section also covers the ruling out of false positive and false negative results. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2022

Electrodiagnostics: Electromyogram/Nerve Conduction Velocity (EMG/NCV), Diagnosis & Interpretation: Overview of EMG and NCV Procedures, Results, Diagnoses and Documentation. The clinical incorporation of electrodiagnostic studies as part of a care plan where neuropathology is suspected. It also covers how to use electrodiagnostics in a collaborative environment between the chiropractor as the primary spine care provider and the surgeon, when clinically indicated. This section covers sample cases and health conclude and accurate treatment plans based upon electro-neurodiagnostic findings when clinically indicated. Cleveland University, Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island NY, 2022

Documenting Clinical Findings and Diagnosis, Correlating clinical findings with x-ray and advanced imaging to conclude and accurate diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan. The utilization of demonstrative documentation in diagnostic testing to visualize pathology in the trauma and non-trauma case. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2022

Accident Reconstruction: Terms, Concepts and Definitions, The forces in physics that prevail in accidents to cause bodily injury. Quantifying the force coefficients of vehicle mass and force vectors that can be translated to the occupant and subsequently cause serious injury. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2022

Accident Reconstruction: Causality, Bodily Injury, Negative Acceleration Forces, Crumple Zones and Critical Documentation, Factors that cause negative acceleration to zero and the subsequent forces created for the vehicle that get translated to the occupant. Understanding critical documentation of hospitals, ambulance reports, doctors, and the legal profession in reconstructing an accident. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2022

Accident Reconstruction: Skid Marks, Time, Distance, Velocity, Speed Formulas and Road Surfaces, The mathematical calculations necessary utilizing time, distance, speed, coefficients of friction and acceleration in reconstructing an accident. The application of the critical documentation acquired from an accident site. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2022

Accident Reconstruction: Research, Causality and Bodily Injury, Delta V issues correlated to injury and mortality, side impact crashes and severity of injuries, event data recorder reports correlated to injury, frontal impact kinematics, crash injury metrics with many variables and inquiries related to head restraints. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2022

Neurology of Ligament Pathology- Normal Morphology and Tissue Damage, Connective tissue morphology, embryology, and wound repair as sequalae to trauma. Full components of strain-sprain models and permanency implications with wound repair and osseous aberration with aberrant structural integrity. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2022

Neurology of Ligament Pathology- Spinal Biomechanics and Disc Pathology, Disc pathology as sequella to trauma; herniation, extrusion, protrusion, sequestration and how the spinal unit as one system creates homeostasis to balance the pathology. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2022

Neurology of Ligament Pathology- Neurological Innervation, The peripheral and central innervation of the disc and spinal ligaments of the dorsal root ganglion, spinothalamic tracts, periaqueductal gray areas innervating the Thalamus and multiple regions of the brain. The efferent neurological distribution to disparate areas of the spine to create homeostasis until tetanus ensues creating osseous changes under the effect of Wolff's Law. Academy of Chiropractic, Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island, NY, 2022

Spinal Biomechanics and Anatomical Pathology Grand Rounds. Chiropractic Diagnosis and Management of Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries, A review of the ligament, biomechanical and neurologic implications of chronic cervical spine conditions, age dating cervical spine pathology and acute cervical spine injury including cervical spinal cord edema. The methods to determine stability and co-management with medical specialists were reviewed. Identification of the biomechanical ligament injury associated with the structural compromise, disc herniation with traumatic annular fissures and triage for neurosurgical consultation was reviewed. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Stroke Anatomy and Physiology: Brain Vascular Anatomy, The anatomy and physiology of the brain and how blood perfusion affects brain function. A detailed analysis of the blood supply to the brain and the physiology of ischemia. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Stroke Anatomy and Physiology: Stroke Types and Blood Flow, Various types of strokes identifying ischemia, hypoperfusion, infarct and penumbra zones and emboli. Cardiac etiologies and clinical features as precursors to stroke with associated paradoxical emboli and thrombotic etiologies. Historical and co-morbidities that have etiology instroke inclusive of diabetes, coagulopathy, acquired and hereditary deficiencies. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Stroke Principles of Treatment an Overview for the Primary Care Provider, Stroke type and treatments performed by vascular specialists. The goals of treatment with the physiology of the infarct and penumbra zones and the role of immediate triage in the primary care setting. Detailing the complications of stroke and future care in the chiropractic, primary care, or manual medicine clinical setting. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Clinical Evaluation and Protocols for Identifying Stroke Risk, The neurological history and examination for identifying stroke risks with a focus on supra and infratentorial regions, upper and lower motor lesions, cranial nerve signs, spinal cord pathology, motor and sensory pathology and gait abnormalities. Examining genetic and family histories along with dissection risk factors. Stroke orthopedic testing and clinical guidelines pertaining to triage for the primary care provider. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI History and Physics, Magnetic fields, T1 and T2 relaxations, nuclear spins, phase encoding, spin echo, T1 and T2 contrast, magnetic properties of metals and the historical perspective of the creation of NMR and MRI. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Spinal Anatomy and Protocols, Normal anatomy of axial and sagittal views utilizing T1, T2, 3D gradient and STIR sequences of imaging. Standardized and desired protocols in views and sequencing of MRI examination to create an accurate diagnosis in MRI. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Disc Pathology and Spinal Stenosis, MRI interpretation of bulged, herniated, protruded, extruded, sequestered, and fragmented disc pathologies in etiology and neurological sequelae in relationship to the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Spinal Pathology, MRI interpretation of bone, intradural, extradural, cord and neural sleeve lesions. Tuberculosis, drop lesions, metastasis, ependymoma, schwannoma and numerous other spinal related tumors and lesions. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Methodology of Analysis, MRI interpretation sequencing of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine inclusive of T1, T2, STIR and 3D gradient studies to ensure the accurate diagnosis of the region visualized. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Clinical Application, The clinical application of the results of space occupying lesions. Disc and tumor pathologies and the clinical indications of manual and adjustive therapies in the patient with spinal nerve root and spinal cord insult as sequelae. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Protocols Clinical Necessity, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images. Clinical indication for the utilization of MRI and pathologies of disc in both trauma and non-trauma sequellae, including bulge, herniation, protrusion, extrusion, and sequestration. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Interpretation of Lumbar Degeneration/Bulges, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of lumbar degeneration. With the co-morbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrates, Schmorl's nodes and herniations. Central canal and cauda equina compromise interpretation with management. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Interpretation of Lumbar Herniations, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of lumbar herniations. With the co-morbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrates, Schmorl's nodes and herniations. Morphology of lumbar disc pathologies of central and lateral herniations, protrusions, extrusions, sequestration, focal and broad based herniations are defined and illustrated. Central canal and cauda equina compromise interpretation with management. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Interpretation of Cervical Degeneration/Bulges, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR axial, stacking, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of cervical degeneration. With the co-morbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrates, Schmorl's nodes and herniations. Spinal cord and canal compromise interpretation with management. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Interpretation of Cervical Herniations, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR Axial, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of lumbar herniations. With the co-morbidities and complications of stenosis, pseudo-protrusions, cantilevered vertebrates, Schmorl's nodes and herniations. morphology of lumbar disc pathologies of central and lateral herniations, protrusions, extrusions, sequestration, focal and broad based herniations are defined and illustrated. Spinal cord and canal compromise interpretation with management. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Interpretation of Degenerative Spine and Disc Disease with Overlapping Traumatic Insult to Both Spine and Disc, MRI slices, views, T1, T2, STIR Axial, FFE, FSE and sagittal images in the interpretation of degenerative spondylolisthesis, spinal canal stenosis, Modic type 3 changes, central herniations, extrusions, compressions, nerve root compressions, advanced spurring and thecal sac involvement from an orthopedic, emergency room, chiropractic, neurological, neurosurgical, physical medicine perspective. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

2023 Demonstrative Documentation Requirements, Analyzing the requirements in anatomical diagnostic imagery to communicate spinal pathology. Integrating technology, clinical findings, and advanced graphic tools to communicate a diagnostic conclusion. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Spine Advanced Clinical Case Grand Rounds, Clinical case review of MRI including intra and extra-dural findings inclusive of the disc and vascular anatomical lesions. Differentially diagnosing central cord lesions, and spinal cord vascular lesions in both acute trauma and degenerative presentations.  Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Non-Specific Spine Pain, Chiropractic and Outcomes, Analyzing neuro-biomechanical pathological lesions defines primary spinal lesions and removes the dogma of non-specific back pain. Creating evidence-based demonstrative documentation in the creation of treatment plans. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Spinal Tumor MRI Interpretation, Diagnosing and documenting: Ependymoma, Astrocytoma, Hemangioblastoma, Lipoma, Meningioma, Neurofibroma, Schwannoma, Myxopapillary Ependymoma. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Demonstrative Narrative and Evaluation and Management Report Writing, Clinical record-keeping, why write clinical notes, the importance of context, what to include in a clinical note, tips for better clinical documentation, basic legal considerations,  open clinical notes, how to keep documentation efficient. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Age-Dating Ligament/Connective Tissue Physiology and Pathology, Utilizing pain patterns, the high signal in the annulus, high signal outside the annulus, Modic changes, disc height, vacuum disc, sclerosis, Pfirrman rating, facet edema, and previous MRIs to determine the chronicity of pathology., Master-Class in ligaments; anatomy, physiology, vascularization, neurological innervation, tissue repair, and how they all relate to clinical practice.  Ligament pathology correlates to the mechanisms of patho-neuro-biomechanical lesions (vertebral subluxation complex). Also, how ligaments play a critical role in the chiropractic spinal adjustment and in defining the chiropractic spinal adjustment mechanisms. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Clinical Grand Rounds in Biomechanics, Digitizing, and Advanced Imaging: Case reviews concluding and accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plan utilizing evidence-based instrumentation and algorithms. Using demonstrative reporting of case findings to collaborate with co-treating physicians. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Medical-Legal Documentation: A documentation discussion on meeting the requirements of the courts, carriers, and licensure boards in complete and accurate reporting. Ensuring the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plan are demonstratively documented. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

2022 Trends in Spinal Healthcare, Analyzing evidenced-based spinal healthcare trends in both utilization and necessity and understanding the marketplace.  The use of evidenced-based demonstrative documentation in reporting treatment pathways in triaging spinal pathobiomechanics. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Spine Clinical Case Grand Rounds, Clinical case review of MRI’s including sagittal, axial, T1, T2, STIR, and proton density sequences. Identified will be the vertebrate, spinal cord, discs, nerve roots, thecal sac, posterior longitudinal ligament, epidural veins, and fat saturation pulses. Pathology will include bulges, herniations, protrusions, extrusions, myelomalacia, cord edema, and Schmorl’s nodes. Learn how to collaborate effectively with radiologists, neuroradiologists, and neurosurgeons on the clinical findings. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Chiropractic vs. Physical Therapy vs. Medical Case Management and Outcomes, Analysing evidence-based outcomes in triaging non-anatomical lesions. The analysis of neuro-biomechanical pathological lesions defines primary spinal lesions and removes the dogma of non-specific back pain. Managing collaborative relationships with medical primary providers and specialists in clinical practice. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MSK Extremity Radiological Interpretation, Utilizing both MRI and x-ray in identifying via x-ray and advanced imaging extremity instabilities from ligamentous, osseous or neoplastic derangement. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Demonstrative Narrative and Evaluation and Management Report Writing, Effectively creating demonstrative medical-legal documentation and meeting the needs of the courts, and making your "4-Corner" (narrative) report to build your reputation as an evidence-based provider. The step-by-step minutiae of building a report, accomplishing report writing timely and effectively by understanding the regulatory and administrative rules. Learn how to educate the lawyer on bodily injury through evidence-based demonstrative reporting. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Ligament/Connective Tissue Physiology and Pathology, Master-Class in ligaments; anatomy, physiology, vascularization, neurological innervation, tissue repair and how they all relate to clinical practice.  Ligament pathology correlates to the mechanisms of patho-neuro-biomechanical lesions (vertebral subluxation complex). Also, how ligaments play a critical role in the chiropractic spinal adjustment and in defining the chiropractic spinal adjustment mechanisms. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Stroke Evaluation and Risk Factors in the Chiropractic Practice, Diagnosing, triaging, and documenting headaches, migraines, and vascular incidents (stroke) in the primary provider's office. Imaging protocols based upon history and clinical presentation will be presented, along with analyzing imaging findings in determining the etiology. There will be an extensive question and answer session following the instructional presentation. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Age-Dating Herniated Discs and Trauma, Age-dating herniated discs and trauma is a critical skill for an expert in spine. It combines the clinical skills of interpreting X-ray, MRI, and other imaging modalities with a clinician's understanding of joint pathology. This level of expertise is critical when collaborating with other physicians or working in the medical-legal environment as an expert. Age dating pathology is also central to creating a prognosis on your patient's recovery and must be evidence-based in rationale. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Clinical Grand Rounds in Spinal Biomechanics, Case reviews utilizing E/M, MRI, and x-ray mensuration report to conclude an accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plan. Common diagnosis requires interprofessional collaboration with a discussion of diagnostic dilemmas and proper communication methods. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Neurosurgical Grand Rounds, A clinical discussion of collaborating with neurosurgeons on spinal cord and spinal nerve root comorbidities. Triaging cases with herniated, protruded, extruded, fragments discs and differentially diagnosing tethered cord, syringomyelia, traumatic Schmorl’s Nodes, Myelomalacia, spinal cord edema, vacuum disc and other intra, and extra-dural lesions. Cleveland University - Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Trends in Spinal Healthcare, Analyzing spinal healthcare trends in both utilization and necessity and understanding the marketplace and how a clinical excellence level is reflected in a doctors' documentation and credentials. Treatment pathways in triaging spinal pathobiomechanics. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MRI Spine Interpretation Advanced Diagnosis, An evidence-based understanding of time-related etiology of disc pathology considering the American Society of Neuroradiology's designation of protrusion, extrusion, and sequestration of spinal discs, T1, T2, STIR and Proton-Density weighted evaluation to diagnose spine from MRI accurately. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Analytics and Case Management, Utilizing spinal menstruating algorithms to conclude a pathobiomechanical vs. normal spine in the absence of anatomical pathology. Clinically correlating a history and physical examination findings to x-ray biomechanical results in creating an accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plan. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

MSK Extremity Radiological Interpretation, Utilizing both MRI and x-ray to diagnose 1) Arthritis - Inflammatory and Degenerative, 2) Advanced cartilage assessment, 3) Rotator Cuff Tears, 4) Labral tears (shoulder and hip), 5) Tendon injuries and degeneration, 6) Meniscal tears, 7) Ligamentous injuries, 8) Common fractures, 9) Sports-related injury patterns, 10) Plantar fasciitis. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Demonstrative Medical-Legal Documentation, The narrative report. How to effectively create medical-legal documentation and what the courts look for. Making your "4-Corner" (narrative) report demonstrable and building a reputation as an evidence-based provider. The step-by-step minutiae of building a report. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Managing Non-Anatomical Spine Pain, Treatment modalities centered upon "best-outcomes" in an evidence-based model considering chiropractic vs. physical therapy and chiropractic vs. medicine. Considerations of disability, pain reduction, functional improvement, drugs utilized, and side-effects are all considered. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2022

Primary Spine Care 2: Spinal Trauma Pathology, Morphology of healthy and traumatized connective tissue and the permanency implication of adhesions, spinal disc morphology in the healthy and pathological patient as sequella to trauma in relationship to bulges, herniations, protrusions, extrusions, and sequestrations. Aberrant spinal biomechanics and negative sequella to trauma. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Setauket, NY, 2021

Primary Spine Care 2: Utilizing Research in Trauma, The ability of your electronic health records to convey tissue pathology while documenting case studies, field experiments, randomized trials and systematic literature reviews, Introducing evidence based macros in documentation to support the literature and necessity of care. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Setauket, NY, 2021

Primary Spine Care 2: Chiropractic Evidence, Analyzing segmental pathology, adjusting vs. mobilization with cervicogenic headaches, Opioid alternatives and case management of mechanical spine pain based upon outcome studies. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Setauket, NY, 2021

Primary Spine Care 2: Chiropractic Spinal Adjustment Central Nervous System Processing, Literature reviews of mechanoreceptor, proprioceptor, and nociceptor stimulation of later horn gray matter with periaqueductal stimulation affecting the thalamus and cortical regions with efferent distribution in disparate regions of the body in both pain and systemic stimulation. Cleveland University – Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic, Setauket, NY, 2021

Neurodiagnostics, Imaging Protocols and Pathology of the Trauma Patient, An in-depth understanding of the protocols in triaging and reporting the clinical findings of the trauma patient. Maintaining ethical relationships with the medical-legal community. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020

Diagnostics, Risk Factors, Clinical Presentation and Triaging the Trauma Patient, An extensive understanding of the injured with clinically coordinating the history, physical findings and when to integrate neurodiagnostics. An understanding of how to utilize emergency room records in creating an accurate diagnosis and the significance of "risk factors" in spinal injury. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020

Crash Dynamics and Its Relationship to Causality, An extensive understanding of the physics involved in the transference of energy from the bullet car to the target car. This includes G's of force, newtons, gravity, energy, skid marks, crumple zones, spring factors, event data recorder and the graphing of the movement of the vehicle before, during and after the crash. Determining the clinical correlation of forces and bodily injury. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020

MRI, Bone Scan and X-Ray Protocols, Physiology and Indications for the Trauma Patient, MRI interpretation, physiology, history and clinical indications, bone scan interpretation, physiology, and clinical indications, x-ray clinical indications for the trauma patient. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020

Neurodiagnostic Testing Protocols, Physiology and Indications for the Trauma Patient, Electromyography (EMG), Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV), Somato Sensory Evoked Potential (SSEP), Visual Evoked Potential (VEP), Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Potential (BAER) and Visual-Electronystagmography (V-ENG) interpretation, protocols, and clinical indications for the trauma patient. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020

Documentation and Reporting for the Trauma Victim, Understanding the necessity for accurate documentation and diagnosis utilizing the ICD-9 and the CPT to accurately describe the injury through diagnosis. Understanding and utilizing state regulations on reimbursement issues pertaining to healthcare. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020

Documenting Clinically Correlated Bodily Injury to Causality, Understanding the necessity for accurate documentation, diagnosis and clinical correlation to the injury when reporting injuries in the medical-legal community. Documenting kinesiopathology, myopathology, neuropathology, and pathophysiology in both a functional and structural paradigm. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2020

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Cartesian System, The Cartesian Coordinate System from the history to the application in the human body. Explanation of the x, y and z axes in both translation and rotations (thetas) and how they are applicable to human biomechanics. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2020

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Cervical Pathobiomechanics, Spinal biomechanical engineering of the cervical and upper thoracic spine. This includes the normal and pathobiomechanical movement of both the anterior and posterior motor units and normal function and relationship of the intrinsic musculature to those motor units. Nomenclature in reporting normal and pathobiomechanical findings of the spine. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2020

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Lumbar Pathobiomechanics, Spinal biomechanical engineering of the lumbar spine. This includes the normal and pathobiomechanical movement of both the anterior and posterior motor units and normal function and relationship of the intrinsic musculature to those motor units. Nomenclature in reporting normal and pathobiomechanical findings of the spine. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2020

Spinal Biomechanics in Trauma, To utilize whiplash associated disorders in various vectors of impact and whiplash mechanisms in determining pathobiomechanics. To clinically correlate annular tears, disc herniations, fractures, ligament pathology and spinal segmental instability as sequellae to pathobiomechanics from trauma. The utilization of digital motion x-ray in diagnosing normal versus abnormal facet motion along with case studies to understand the clinical application. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2020

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering & Organizational Analysis, Integrating spinal biomechanics and pathobiomechanics through digitized analysis. The comparison of organized versus disorganized compensation with regional and global compensation. Correlation of the vestibular, ocular and proprioceptive neurological integration in the righting reflex as evidenced in imaging. Digital and numerical algorithms in analyzing a spine. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2020

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Cervical Digital Analysis, Digitizing and analyzing the cervical spine in neutral, flexion and extension views to diagnose pathobiomechanics. This includes alteration of motion segment integrity (AMOSI) in both angular and translational movement. Ligament instability/failure/pathology are identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies to analyze pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2020

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Lumbar Digital Analysis, Digitalizing and analyzing the lumbar spine images to diagnose pathobiomechanics. This includes anterior and posterior vertebral body elements in rotational analysis with neutral, left and right lateral bending in conjunction with gate analysis. Ligament instability/failure/pathology is identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies for analysis of pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm along with corrective guidelines. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2020

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Full Spine Digital Analysis, Digitalizing and analyzing the full spine images to diagnose pathobiomechanics as sequellae to trauma in relation to ligamentous failure and disc and vertebral pathology as sequellae. This includes anterior and posterior vertebral body elements in rotational analysis with neutral, left and right lateral bending in conjunction with gate analysis. Ligament instability/failure/pathology is identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies for analysis of pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm along with corrective guidelines. Cleveland University Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, NY, 2020

Documentation, Carrier Mandates, Documenting electrodiagnostics, concussion and disc pathology as reflective of clinical findings when collaboration with medical specialists in private practice and hospital settings or in the medical-legal arena. Ensuring complete documentation in the evaluation and management process for both the initial and re-evaluation processes. Cleveland University-Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2019

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury/Traumatic Brain Injury/Concussion, Differentially diagnosing mild traumatic brain injury vs. traumatic brain injury and the clinical and imaging protocols required to conclude an accurate diagnosis for head trauma. Cleveland University - Kansas City, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctorial Division, Long Island, NY, 2018

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Triage and Connective Tissue Injuries and Wound Repair, Triaging the injured and differentially diagnosing both the primary and secondary complaints. Connective tissue injuries and wound repair morphology focusing on the aberrant tissue replacement and permanency prognosis potential. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2018

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Ligament Anatomy and Injury Research and Spinal Kinematics, Spinal ligamentous anatomy and research focusing on wound repair, future negative sequelae of abnormal tissue replacement and the resultant aberrant kinematics and spinal biomechanics of the spine. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2018

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Spinal Biomechanics, Central Nervous System and Spinal Disc Nomenclature, The application of spinal biomechanical engineering models in trauma and the negative sequelae it has on the central nervous system inclusive of the lateral horn, periaqueductal gray matter, thalamus and cortices involvement. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2018

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Biomechanics of Traumatic Disc Bulge and Age Dating Herniated Disc Pathology, The biomechanics of traumatic disc bulges as sequelae from trauma and the comorbidity of ligamentous pathology. Age-dating spinal disc pathology in accordance with Wolff’s Law. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2018

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Clinical Grand Rounds, The review of case histories of mechanical spine pathology and biomechanical failures inclusive of case histories, clinical findings and x-ray and advanced imaging studies. Assessing comorbidities in the triage and prognosis of the injured. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2018

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Research Perspectives, The review of current literature standards in spinal trauma pathology and documentation review of biomechanical failure, ligamentous failure and age-dating disc pathology. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2018

Documenting Trauma and Non-Trauma Cases & Triaging Disc Pathology, Triage, care, and collaboration for herniated, bulged, protruded, extruded and fragmented spinal discs. Compliant documentation of evaluation and management of new and established patients inclusive of chief complaint, history of present illness, review of systems, past-family-social histories with case management protocols and the required elements. Clinically coordinating treatment with subjective complaints, clinical findings, and diagnosis for each encounter.  Cleveland University-Kansas City Chiropractic and Health Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2018 

Evidenced Based Care in a Collaborative Setting; Primary Spine Care 5, A literature-based model for collaborating with hospitals, medical primary care providers and specialists. Reviewing the documentation requirements to communicate the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plans with medical entities and having the evidence as a basis for those recommendations. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2018

Current Literature Standards of MRI Spine Interpretation; Primary Spine Care 5, MRI Spine Interpretation of the spine. How to triage a trauma and non-trauma with advanced imaging and document the necessity. We will also cover the basics of MRI Spine Interpretation inclusive of all types of herniations, bulges. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2018

Spine Brain Connection in Pain Pathways; Primary Spine Care 5, MRI Spine The spine-brain connection in managing chronic pain patients. Understanding how chronic pain negatively effects brain morphology and potential pathology as sequella. The role of chiropractic in preventing the loss of gray matter and the most recent evidence as outlined in indexed peer reviewed literature over the last 10 years verifying chiropractic’s role. Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2018

Bio-Neuro-Mechanical Mechanism of the Chiropractic Spinal Adjustment; Primary Spine Care 5, The biological, neurological, and mechanical mechanisms, and pathways from the thrust to the dorsal horn and brain connection and how the brain processes the chiropractic spinal adjustment based upon the literature. Care paths of chiropractic and physical therapy from an outcome basis, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division.  Cleveland University – Kansas City, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2018

Neuromechanical Innovations, Impulse Adjusting System, Pelvis and Spine Module, Course on Biomechanics, Instrument Adjusting, Evidence Based Technique approach for improved patient care. New York College o Chiropractic, Falls Church, VA, 2016

Personal Injury Secrets, Understanding Colossus and Defending Minor Impact Soft Tissue Injuries. National University of Health Sciences, Fairfax, VA, 2016

Mastering the Disc, Mechanical Assessment of the Spine and Extremities, Streamline some of the best techniques of the chiropractic physical therapy and athletic training professions to form a simple and effective approach to the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the spine and extremities. The techniques shared in his seminars are evidence-based, easy to use and can be implemented in practice immediately. New York Chiropractic College, Springfield, VA, 2016

Brain Injury and Neurodegeneration, Explore a better understanding of symptoms, signs, history, diagnostic testing and management of patients who have sustained traumatic brain injury or who suffer from brain neurodegenerative disease. Logan University, College of Chiropractic, Columbia, MD, 2016

Impulse Adjusting System, Course on Biomechanics, Instrument adjusting, Evidence based technique approach for improved patient care, Extremities Module. New York Chiropractic College, Philadelphia, PA, 2015

Applying Cutting-Edge Research to Everyday Practice, How to use the abundance of current information on adjustments and exercise to change the natural history of chronic problems; how to improve patient function, performance, satisfaction, self-efficacy, and neuromotor control; and how to document patient progress using patient self-report and objective physical performance tests. Cutting-Edge Research to Improve Patient Outcomes. Live Chiropractic College West, Fairfax, VA, 2014

Learn Key Physiological functions of ATP. Discuss problems with inadequate production of ATP. Mitochondria. Discuss the importance of mitochondria in health and disease. Discuss the relationships between mitochondria, free radicals, and ATP. Laser Photon Therapy Discuss the relationship between mitochondria, free radicals, ATP, cytochrome c oxidase enzyme, and laser photon therapy. Laser Physiology. Discuss the biphasic nature of laser photon therapy, Wavelength, amperage, penetration, secondary and primary physiological influences. Brain function: trauma degenerative, vascular. Systemic wellness and peak performance (up-regulation). Chronic low ack pain, acute whiplash, scar tissue and fibrosis repair. Logan Chiropractic College West, City, State, 2014

Healthy Aging! A Health, Peak Performance, Healing and Longevity Seminar, Identifying the primary healthcare issues in America Today. An overview of us current healthcare delivery system concepts in improving America’s healthcare. Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP). Discuss the importance of ATP in human physiology. Logan University, Baltimore, MD, 2014

Neuromechanical Innovations, Impulse Adjusting system, Spine Module, Course on Biomechanics, Instrument Adjusting, Evidence Based technique approach for improved patient care. New York Chiropractic College, Tysons Corner, VA, 2014

Nonfiction for Chiropractic Practice, Evidence Based Protocols and Applications of Nutrition in Practice. Maryland Chiropractic Association, Columbia, MD,2013

Impulse Adjusting System, Course on biomechanics, Instrument adjusting, Evidence based technique approach for improved patient care, Extremities Module. New York Chiropractic College, Tysons Corner, VA, 2013

Whiplash and Brain Injury Traumatology, Module III, Narrative Report Writing and Practice Development: Principles of Impairment Rating and Forensic Documentation, Comprehensive and compelling narrative report writing. Understanding and avoiding the common mistakes and pitfalls in narrative reports. In-depth understanding of the latest cutting-edge techniques and rebuttal strategies. Understanding of today’s critical forensic documentation skills and impairment ratings. Southern California University of Health Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, 2011

Cutting-Edge Research to Improve Patient Outcomes, Validating Chiropractic, How to use the abundance of current information on adjustments and exercise to change the natural history of chronic problems; how to improve patient function, performance, satisfaction, self-efficacy, and neuromotor control; and how to document patient progress using patient self-reports and objective physical performance tests. Life Chiropractic College West, Fairfax, VA, 2011

Whiplash and Brain Injury Traumatology, Module II, Advanced Diagnostics, Treatment and Auto Crash Reconstruction; Management Principles in Personal Injury, Critical history taking and physical examination skills. Radiographic and advanced imaging including CT, MRI, Scintigraphy, PET, SPECT and others. Electrodiagnostic testing and their applications in whiplash. Therapeutic approaches to successful management of whiplash and mild traumatic brain injury. Risk Analysis. Southern California University of Health Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, 2011

Whiplash and Brain Injury Traumatology, Module I: Advanced Topics: The Fundamental Science, in depth review of the current state of knowledge of the whiplash phenomenon, including all factors affecting injury risk and outcome. In depth biomechanics, traumatology, epidemiology, review of outcome studies and common sequelae of whiplash, including brain injuries, pain syndromes, thoracic outlet syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome and chronic pain disorders. Risk Analysis. Spine Research Institute of San Diego, Southern California University of Health Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, 2011

Impulse Adjusting System, Course on Biomechanics, Instrument adjusting, Evidence Based technique approach for improved patient Care. New York Chiropractic College, Vienna, VA, 2011

Validating Chiropractic, How to use the abundance of current information on adjustments and exercise to change the natural history of chronic problems; how to improve patient function, performance, satisfaction, self-efficacy, and neuromotor control; and how to document patient progress using patient self-reports and objective physical performance tests. Cutting-Edge Research to Improve Patient Outcomes. Life College of Chiropractic, Vienna, VA, 2010

ASR Approach to Sports Injuries, DC/Foot levelers. Palmer College of Chiropractic, Arlington, VA,2010

Maximum Medical Improvement and Apportionment. A one-hour course covering the chief legal issues concerning maximum medical improvement and apportionment. Western States Chiropractic College, Landover Hills, MD, 2009

Validating Chiropractic, How to use the abundance of current information on adjustments and exercise to change the natural history of chronic problems; how to improve patient function, performance, satisfaction, self-efficacy, and neuromotor control; and how to document patient progress using patient self-reports and objective physical performance tests. Cutting-Edge Research to Improve Patient Outcomes. Life Chiropractic College West, Falls Church, VA,2009

The Rise of Colossus, History of software utilized for settlement, maximizing settlements through proper history and documentation. Life University, Orlando, FL, 2008

SELECTED MEMBERSHIPS

American Chiropractic Association, Member, 2023